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مطالب اینترنتی - آیا مژده ی پایان صفر به حضرت رسول اکرم(ص) و دق الباب مساجد مستند است؟

آیا مژده ی پایان صفر به حضرت رسول اکرم(ص) و دق الباب مساجد مستند است؟

نویسنده : نویسنده جمعه 10 شهریور 1396 01:28 ب.ظ  •   


آیا مژده‌ی پایان صفر به حضرت رسول اکرم(ص) و دق‌الباب مساجد مستند است؟ اگر هست چرا و یعنی چه؟

بخش اعتقادات شیعه تبیان

ماه صفر

ماه صفر هیچ فرقی با ماه‌های دیگر ندارد و اصلاً چنین روایتی وارد نشده است که مردم پایان ماه صفر یا آغاز ربیع‌الاول را به حضرت رسول‌الله (ص) مژده دهند تا بهشتی شوند و یا …؛ بلکه این گونه دروغ‌ها را شایع می کنند تا از یک سو وقایع تاریخی را تحریف کنند و از سوی دیگر خرافه‌گرایی را در اذهان عمومی مسلمین ترویج دهند و بعد خودشان این گرایشات خرافی را به نقد کشیده و یا حتی استهزاء کنند.

اصل ماجرا:

گاهی انسان برای معرفی یک شخص اسم او را می‌آورد و گاه به فعل یا رسمی از او اشاره می نماید. مثلاً ممکن است بگوید حجت الاسلام فلانی شخص عالمی است و یا ممکن است بگوید: آن که اکنون در فلان مسجد در حال امامت نماز جماعت است، شخص عالمی است. این نحوه بیان و معرفی در ادبیات قرآنی نیز بسیار معمول می‌باشد. مثل آن که در معرفی امیرالمؤمنین به عنوان ولیّ الله می‌فرماید:

«إِنَّمَا وَلِیُّكُمُ اللّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِینَ آمَنُواْ الَّذِینَ یُقِیمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَیُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ» (المائده، 55)

ترجمه: ولىّ شما تنها خدا و پیامبر اوست و كسانى كه ایمان آورده‏اند همان كسانى كه نماز برپا مى‏دارند و در حال ركوع زكات مى‏دهند.

حضرت رسول اعظم (ص) نیز گاه برای تأیید یا تکذیب شخص یا جریانی، اسم او را می‌آوردند و گاه به جای اسم نشانه‌ای از او می‌دادند تا هر کجا این نشانه دیده شد،‌ حقانیت و یا بطلان صاحب نشانه نیز آشکار گردد و در ضمن تأیید غیبی نیز به اثبات رسد تا دل مردمان مطمئن و محکم گردد. مثل این که گاه می‌فرمودند: برادر و جانشین من علی (ع) است و گاه می‌فرمودند: آن که داماد من می‌شود جانشین من است و یا … .

روزی هم برای اثبات مؤید و بهشتی بودن ابوذر فرمودند: آن که الآن از در مسجد داخل می‌شود و پایان ماه «آذار – رومی» را خبر می‌دهد، اهل بهشت است و ابوذر وارد شد و چنین نمود. پس، موضوع اصلاً ماه صفر نبوده، بلکه ماه رومی آذار بوده است.

روایت وارده چنین است:

از ابن عباس نقل شده که گفت: «روزی پیامبر (ص) به همراه تعدادی از اصحاب‌شان در مسجد قبا نشسته بودند؛ رسول خدا (ص) فرمود: اولین کسی که الان بر شما وارد می‌شود، مردی از اهالی بهشت است.

[مردم عوام گمان کردند که این ورود به مسجد سبب بهشتی شدن است، لذا] برخی از اصحاب تا این سخن را شنیدند، برخاسته و از مسجد خارج شدند، تا دوباره وارد شده و اولین کسی باشند که بهشت بر او واجب می‌شود.

پیامبر (ص) متوجه شده، و به بقیه اصحاب که نزد ایشان بودند، فرمودند: اکنون جماعتی در حال سبقت گرفتن از یکدیگر، بر شما وارد می‌شوند، (ولی از میان آنها) کسی که پایان یافتن ماه آذار (نام یکی از ماه‌های رومی معادل ماه خرداد و در آن زمان معادل ماه صفر) را بر من بشارت بدهد، اهل بهشت است.

پیامبر (ص) متوجه شده، و به بقیه اصحاب که نزد ایشان بودند، فرمودند: اکنون جماعتی در حال سبقت گرفتن از یکدیگر، بر شما وارد می‌شوند، (ولی از میان آنها) کسی که پایان یافتن ماه آذار (نام یکی از ماه‌های رومی معادل ماه خرداد و در آن زمان معادل ماه صفر) را بر من بشارت بدهد، اهل بهشت است.

آن جماعت برگشتند و وارد شدند و ابوذر رضی الله عنه نیز همراه‌شان بود، پیامبر به آنها فرمود: ما در کدام‌ یک از ماه‌های رومی هستیم؟ ابوذر گفت: یا رسول الله! ماه آذار به پایان رسیده است.

پیامبر فرمود: ای اباذر! من این مسأله را می‌دانستم ولی دوست داشتم قوم من بدانند که تو مردی از اهالی بهشتی، و چطور این‌گونه نباشد، در حالی که تو بعد از من به دلیل محبتت به اهل بیتم، از حرم من طرد (تبعید) می‌شوی، تنها زندگی می‌کنی و تنها می‌میری، و قومی که امر کفن و دفن تو را انجام می‌دهند، به واسطه‌ی تو خوشبخت می‌شوند، آنها دوستان من در بهشتی هستند که به پرهیزکاران وعده داده شده است.

[این حدیث در باب «معنى قول النبی ص من‏ بشرنی‏ بخروج‏ آذار فله الجنة» از کتاب معانی الاخبار (النص/ 204) و همچنین کتاب علل الشرایع مرحوم شیخ صدوق (ج 1 / ص 175) و در روضة المتقین فی شرح من لا یحضره الفقیه اثر مرحوم محمد تقی مجلسی (ج 13 / ص 3) و با سلسله‌ی سند ذیل بیان شده :

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ الشَّیْبَانِیُّ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْقَطَّانُ وَ الْحُسَیْنُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِیمَ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ هِشَامٍ الْمُؤَدِّبُ وَ عَلِیُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الوَرَّاقُ وَ عَلِیُّ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُوسَى بْنِ عِمْرَانَ‏ الدَّقَّاقُ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ یَحْیَى بْنِ زَكَرِیَّا الْقَطَّانُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا بَكْرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَبِیبٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا تَمِیمُ بْنُ بُهْلُولٍ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ أَبِی الْحَسَنِ الْعَبْدِیِّ عَنْ سُلَیْمَانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ سَعِیدِ بْنِ جُبَیْرٍ].

دق الباب مساجد:

این خرافه، از خرافه‌ی مژده پایان صفر بی سندتر و بی منطق‌تر است و به همین دلیل شاهدیم که بیشتر بازیچه و دستآویز کسانی شده است که حتی برای حضور در مقابل مساجد، تقیّدی نداشته و شئون مسجد را نیز رعایت نمی‌کنند. حتی دیده شده که دختر و پسر نامحرم، در کنار هم و با بدحجابی کامل، نصف شب مقابل مساجد می‌ایستند که مثلاً دق الباب کرده و مژده دهند و در عین حال که در همان حالت نیز غرق در گناه هستند، وارد بهشت شوند!

این رفتارها که بیشتر تقلید از فرهنگ و رسوم کلیسایی می‌باشد، نه تنها در اسلام و بالتبع عقلانیت جایی ندارد و خرافه است، بلکه موجب وهن (اهانت) اسلام نیز می‌شود و به همین دلیل شاهد ترویج آن از سوی کسانی هستیم که گرایش و تقید خاصی هم به اسلام ندارند. لذا مردم مسلمان، مسئولین مساجد و هم چنین دوایر ذیربط باید به شدت این گونه خرافات را تکذیب کرده و اجازه انجام و رواجش را ندهند. چنان چه مقام معظم رهبری در پاسخ استفتایی در مورد دق الباب مساجد، ضمن نهی، امر به جلوگیری از آنان نمودند:

«عمل فوق‌الاشاره مستند روایی ندارد و شیوه قابل تأیید نیست، اگر چه اصل اذکار و ادعیه و طلب حاجات از خداوند متعال عمل پسندیده است، لیکن اشکال در شیوه عمل به نحو یاد شده است. آقایان علماء اعلام – دامت افاضاتهم – و مؤمنین – ایدهم الله تعالی – با پند و اندرز و موعظه و نصیحت از رواج چنین رفتارهایی که چه بسا ممکن است منتهی به وهن مذهب شود، جلوگیری کنند». (معاونت فرهنگی تبلیغی دفتر تبلیغات اسلامی خراسان رضوی).


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مطلب آیا مژده ی پایان صفر به حضرت رسول اکرم(ص) و دق الباب مساجد مستند است؟ در سایت مفیدستان.


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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 10:22 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 10:21 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 08:57 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 06:38 ب.ظ
The author is known by common history of Patsy but people always misspell so it.
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 06:09 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 05:42 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 01:28 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 12:49 ب.ظ
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سه شنبه 1 مرداد 1398 12:35 ب.ظ
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